Have you heard that Melbourne used to be the wealthiest metropolis on Earth? It was a significant commercial and industrial hub, and its residents enjoyed a reputation for riches and luxury. There are still some of the world's wealthiest people living there, and while it is no longer the greatest city in the world it is a prominent financial centre. Those that are curious about Melbourne's history of wealth and luxury, keep reading!
History Of Melbourne
About 40,000 years ago, three indigenous regional groups of hunter-gatherers called this area home before European settlers arrived, the Wurundjeri, Boonwurrung and Wathaurong. This was the first place that Europeans established a permanent presence in Victoria was established in 1803 on Sullivan Bay, but this settlement was abandoned.
After waiting 30 years, explorer and Tasmanian Port Phillips Association member John Batman secured the acquisition of 600,000 acres from eight Wurundjeri elders in 1835 in what is now central Melbourne.
Batman settled on a spot on the river's northern Yarra River
and sailed back to Launceston, Tasmania, to build a community there. However, by the time the settlement party arrived, another group, led by John Pascoe Fawkner and funded by him, had arrived on the Enterprize and claimed the land for themselves.
Although this technically made the settlers illegal squatters, the authorities ultimately conceded and let the community stay put. Melbourne was named after William Lamb, 2nd Lord Melbourne, the British prime minister at the time, in 1836, and was officially recognised as a city by Royal in 1847.
A gold rush ensued after the city of Victoria, Australia, was founded in 1851, thanks to the 1851 goldfields in the region. Overtaking it by 1865 Sydney
as the city with the most residents in Australia. In the 1880s, when this economic expansion was at its height, Melbourne became the world's wealthiest major metropolis. In 1891, the city's economy collapsed, putting an end to the brazen optimism that had defined it.
prospered during the war years and grew into Australia's most important industrial hub.
As the site of the 1956 Summer Olympics, the city became a global focal point. Before the late 1970s, Melbourne was Sydney's main rival for the title of Australia's business and financial centre. Melbourne's government started a tourism and economic revival in 1992, when the Australian Final Race was relocated there from Adelaide.
I'm not sure that many Australians appreciate the exact history of Australia. Even though Australia didn't exist as a nation-state at the time, the colonialists did quite well due to the region's rich natural resources and small population. It took a lot of effort to get to this point from their humble beginnings.
There was a persistent increase in wealth in Victorian Britain gold rushes in that settlement and the land's natural endowments in combination. The number of gold rushes in different colonies is quite large.
The effects of such abundance were far-reaching. It resulted in the formation of the nation of Australia and firmly established the country's socialist orientation. The minimum legal working age was raised, and labour was banned from Saturday afternoons. The 40-hour workweek and women's suffrage followed later.
The creation of Saturday afternoon leisure time led to the creation and popularity of Australian Football
where for the first time ever community clubs competed in a league with regular season games and a standardised football code.
The capital city of the Australian state of Victoria, Melbourne may be found in the country's southeastern corner. In a big natural estuary known as Port Phillip,
Yarra River estuary, at the bay's northernmost tip, is where the city proper is located.
Cultural institutions including as Australian cinema and television, Australian rules football, the Australian realist art known as the Heidelberg School, and Australian dance genres such as the New Vogue and the Melbourne Shuffle all have their origins in this bustling metropolis. The title of "culture capital of Australia" is often applied to this city.
The most famous historic and visually appealing streets and arcades in the city centre include Block Place and Royal Arcade.
The city is known as "Australia's garden city" because of the abundance of parks and gardens throughout the metropolitan area, including many in close proximity to the city's core. These gardens and parks feature both common and rare plant species among landscaped vistas, pedestrian pathways, and tree-lined avenues.
All sorts of festivals and cultural events are held every year in Melbourne, including the Melbourne Film Fest, the Melbourne International Comedy Festival, and the Melbourne Fringe Festival. Several notable foreign films, including Ghost Rider, Knowing, and Charlotte's Web, were shot at Docklands Studios Melbourne, Melbourne's largest television and movie studio. Prominent Australian filmmakers hold a yearly Summer School in Filmmaking.
Who Founded Melbourne?
In the early days of Melbourne and Geelong, that Batman was the inaugural prospector to arrive. True founders of the current vast city were not Fawkner, but rather the five men, one woman, and one cat in Fawkner's party. John Batman established a camp at Indented Head on the tip of the Bellarine Peninsula in June 1835.
What Happened To All That Money?
Because of its economic and architectural prowess, Melbourne was chosen as the capital of a unified Australia. The centre of political and economic activity has gradually shifted to Sydney since then. Despite the end of its gold rushes, Australia was prosperous. The United States is comparable in size to Australia, but has a far greater poverty rate and higher percentage of the population living below the poverty line.
The two world conflicts and indeed the Great Depression wiped out a large portion of Australia's riches-WWII While immigration helped generate wealth, it also diluted it. Later, as output slumped, Australia had a larger population but fewer goods to export. That circumstance continues to deteriorate over time.
What Was 'doing The Block' On Collins Street?
In the 1880s, a walk down Collins Street, including the section that would become known as the "Paris" end, was to witness a time of enormous promise. Deftly, local author Jamie Hume wrote about it in his immensely popular detective thriller The Mystery of a Hansom Cab in 1886.
Sales of the book in London and also the colony totalled over half a million, which was more than enough to put it ahead of other popular titles Arthur Conan Doyle's
Assist in building Melbourne's international stature as Sherlock Holmes does.
"Saturday morning, and everyone in Melbourne who was anything was doing the Block. Collins Street is like "Broadway" in New York, "Regent Street" and "Rotten Row" in London, and "the Boulevards of Paris" in terms of its "Block." "published Hume.
"The Block is where everyone goes to socialise, display their latest outfits, bow to friends, cut off enemies, and make small talk. The same phenomenon probably happened on the Appian Way, Imperial Rome's hottest boulevard."
In many ways, the current crisis that Melbourne is experiencing is not all that dissimilar to the one that occurred after the boom of the 1880s came to a terrible end. The COVID-19 threat has been temporarily neutralised, but the economic damage from the epidemic will take a long time to repair. Sala called the central business district a "chessboard city" because of all the closed stores and restaurants.
How Did Marvellous Melbourne Decline?
During the 1890s, a number of bankers collapsed, contributing to widespread unemployment and homelessness. There were not enough people prepared to pay the high rents for many of the great structures that had been built fast during the boom. Historian and editor of A City Lost and also Found: New Orleans, Robyn Annear, says, "I detect echoes between where the city seems now and how it was then." Whelan the Wrecker's Melbourne.
What Does Sydney Have To Do With It?
The rivalry between Melbourne and Sydne history behind it While Sydney was created in 1835 as a penal colony, Melbourne considered itself a free settlement.
In a short time, the southern city had surpassed Sydney as Australia's capital. Melbourne remained the capital of Australia after the bust, serving in that capacity until Canberra was created in 1927.
Sydney, however, had already surpassed New York as the world's most populous metropolis by the the turn of the century. Its harbour, beaches, and climate provided an energy that many felt had been lost in Melbourne, and it soon had become nation's financial capital.
The cosmopolitan metropolis of Melbourne, which values cultural pleasures over natural ones, was free to take satisfaction in being whatever Sydney wasn't.
"When asked how Melbourne characterised itself, Annear said, "We're not Sydney." When the Federation finally arrived, Melbourne took over as the capital, but it wasn't same. In the community, there were lot of embarrassment and a feeling of being second-rate."
As during COVID-19 lockdown, this us-against-them mentality may have manifested itself as Melburnians took satisfaction in bearing the burden of isolation.
Annear reflects on the nihilism she has encountered and concludes, "yep, this is the type despair that Vicky feeds on." "There was a lot of anger there. That sense of feeling like the underdog is something that has stuck around, I believe."
Getting Around Melbourne
which connects Melbourne to Sydney. Trams and buses make up the bulk of the city's efficient public transportation system.
Direct interstate rail lines to Sydney, Adelaide, and other destinations leave through Southern Cross Station on Spencer Street, connecting Melbourne with regional Victorian communities. Melbourne's trams are an internationally recognised cultural icon because the city seems to have the largest streetcar network in the world.
The free City Circuit route is served by vintage trams, and in the evenings, heritage trams converted into restaurants can be found on Station Pier on Port Phillip Bay is the terminal for Spirit of Tasmania ships that travel across Bass Strait towards Tasmania. There are four airports in the city, with London Airport at Independent sub serving as the primary international airport. Transportation from and to airports is limited to buses and taxis.
How Did We Move On From Marvellous?
Marvellous Melbourne newspaper headlines began using less glowing nicknames like "Miserable Melbourne" and "Murderous Melbourne" because the original tagline no longer mirrored the current climate.
The terrible odours emanating from the city's slaughterhouses, tanneries, and factories were reflected in the name Marvellous Smellbourne. Once upon a time, before widespread sanitation, the Victoria was a filthy open sewer. "Night soil," a metaphor for human garbage, was transported through Melbourne's well-known laneways.
Sala's statements served as a warning about a city that had been consumed by greed for a while. The assertion was mocked; the farce Juvenal in Melbourne poked fun at Melbourne's arrogance. Henry Lingham, a humorist, said of her people in 1892, Hers is a people eternally in opposites, or a horror, or in beautiful dreams."
The slogan was subsequently swept away and relegated to history when the city saw another boom just before the Great Depression hit in the 1930s. On the other hand, it began to reappear after a generation.
The city of Melbourne was named after the British prime minister in 1836, William Lamb, 2nd Lord Melbourne. In 1803, the first European settlers settled in Sullivan Bay, which would later become the heart of Victoria. John Batman, an adventurer, negotiated the purchase of 600,000 acres from the Wurundjeri in 1835. Melbourne, the state capital of Victoria in Australia, is situated in the southeastern part of the country. Australia's most well-known city, so called for its many beautiful parks and gardens.
Block Place and Royal Arcade are two of the city center's most well-known and aesthetically pleasing streets and arcades due to their rich histories. After much deliberation, Melbourne was selected to serve as the new capital of a unified Australia. The Mystery of a Hansom Cab, written by Jamie Hume, is a best-selling mystery novel that explores this same topic. Taking a stroll down Collins Street, particularly the area that would later be dubbed the "Paris" end, was to behold a world of unrealised potential. Many bankers went under in the 1890s, which exacerbated the already severe housing shortage and joblessness that was prevalent at the time.
Melbourne continued to serve as Australia's capital after the bust, doing so until Canberra was established in 1927. Sydney was already the most populated city in the world, having surpassed New York. To get to Melbourne, you can take either of the two major motorways: the Monash Freeway or the Hume Freeway. Most of the city's reliable public transit system relies on trams and buses. London is home to four airports, with London Airport at Independent sub being the city's main gateway for international travel.
- Melbourne, the state capital of Victoria in Australia, is situated in the southeastern part of the country.
- The city is known as "Australia's garden city" because of the abundance of parks and gardens throughout the metropolitan area, including many in close proximity to the city's core.
- In June of 1835, John Batman set up base camp at Indented Head on the Bellarine Peninsula.
- Melbourne was selected as the capital of a unified Australia because of its economic and architectural brilliance.
- The gold rushes in Australia were ended, but the country was still doing well.
- A stroll down Collins Street in the 1880s, especially the area that would come to be known as the "Paris" end, was to experience a time of great promise.
- The current problem in Melbourne is remarkably unlike to the one that hit after the 1880s boom collapsed.
- While the COVID-19 threat has been mitigated for the time being, the economic devastation caused by the pandemic will take years to restore.
- The majority of people living in Melbourne's outer suburbs have no concept of what it might be like to go around town without a vehicle.
- Most of the city's reliable public transit system relies on trams and buses.
- Melbourne's trams are an internationally recognised cultural icon because the city seems to have the largest streetcar network in the world.
- London is home to four airports, with London Airport at Independent sub being the city's main gateway for international travel.
- It is only possible to take buses or cabs to and from the airport.
FAQs About Melbourne
- Melbourne was the first city outside of Europe and North America to host the Olympic games.
- The black box (for planes) was invented in Melbourne.
- Melbourne's tram system is the largest in the world.
- The first traffic lights in Australia were installed in Melbourne.
- Lonely Planet's headquarters are in Melbourne.